Today’s article is designed primarily for those who are going to become a first-class essay writer and want to get rid of the constant ordering articles from service essay writer. Moreover, students who are preparing for the TOEFL, Cambridge exams, also find interesting tips for themselves. To begin with, there are two quality indicators of the written text, which are the most appreciated, it is cohesion and coherence.
Cohesion – unity, understandable enough;
Coherence – consistency, logically, validity.
What is the difference between the unity of the text and its logic at first glance may not be entirely understandable, so we will analyze it in more detail.
Cohesion is the actual, external coherence of the text. By this we mean the use of such expressions as (however, but), and (and), because (because), etc., the use of synonyms or the replacement of certain nouns with pronouns, and so on.
Coherence – this is the internal logic of the text, the presentation of thoughts in such a way that they are as clear to the reader as possible. It is true that cohesion is considered a more subjective concept, whereas coherence is vice versa. Indeed, that seems to me interconnected, for another person may be not. Nevertheless, on the exam you need to be more careful with it. If your goal is to get the best possible result, try to do without an unintelligible logic that is understandable only to you. Outwardly, this text looks coherent: the words also and are used, synonyms and pronouns are used. Nevertheless, it absolutely does not make sense. This is a perfect illustration of the fact that cohesion without coherence is like a handsome man with an empty soul. But it’s great if an intelligent person still looks good, does not it? Similarly, in the case of cohesion and coherence. They are certainly interrelated, because using the synonyms, the corresponding unions, prepositions, etc., we make the text more understandable for the reader.
Therefore, later in this article, we will talk about one of the methods of external organization of text in a logical structure – the use of linking words, that is words that help us to unite ideas into a single whole. But remember that it’s only about the shell of the text. These words will make your text cohesive, but be sure to take care of it to be also coherent.
So, to make smooth transitions between different ideas in the text, while showing that they are all directly related to the theme of the composition, you will be helped by conjunctions, prepositions and adverbials.
Adverbial. First, it should be noted that adverbs and adverbials are not exactly the same concepts. Adverb is an adverb, part of speech, which in some way characterizes the action (verb) and answers the questions “how?”, “When?”, “Where?”, “Where?”, “Why?”. In English, they are formed in most cases by adding to the adjective ending -ly (beautifully, slowly). Adverbials – a broader term, because under it we mean different syntactic units (phrases, if you like) that perform the function of adverbs, that is, describe the action. For example, we woke up at 8 o’clock. In this case, at eight o’clock is adverbial, since it tells us when the action occurred.
In addition, there are different types of adverbials. Below are the conjuncts, that is, the adverbials, which connect the sentences in the text or parts of one sentence to each other.